Semantics of Rig Veda


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Page 188; Paper back ; ISBN : 81-7994-049-7

Syntax (or grammar) and Semantics are the two wings of a language. Syntax gives the set of rules to construct sentences which are legal in the language. Semantics is the study of the meanings of words and phrases. Every legal sentence need not be meaningful. For instance the sentence, ‘the mantra-chant smashed a hill’ is legally correct, but makes no sense. The Sanskrit of Veda mantras is substantially different from the classical Sanskrit. The grammar of the sanskrit of Veda mantras is relatively simple consisting of short phrases and short sentences having less than 4 or 5 words. In the present book, the author has discussed the semantics of Rig Veda, i.e. how to understand the meaning of Rig Veda mantras.


(i) Note to the Readers / vii

(ii) Abbreviation / xi

Book One

Part I: Basics

1. Focus of our book / 2

2. Detailed comparison of SAKSHI translation with others / 7

Part II: Meanings of Words

3. Preliminary Study of Words / 28

4. Recovery of meanings of the words in RV / 34

5. Tree-structure and the 80-20 Rule / 57

6. Gods and Demons / 62

7. Some General Principles for Word Meaning Assignment / 78

8. Procedure for the meaning assignment / 83

9. Word Meaning Assignment: 61


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